“We cannot develop the North without nuclear icebreakers and nuclear powered installations. We should not expect sufficient climate warming. The ice melting factor is greatly exaggerated”, academic Lavyorov says to RIA.ru.
He is a vice-president of the Russian Academy of sciences, and underlines Russia has experience in making small-scale nuclear power plants (NPP) on the far north. Bilibino NPP is a good example.
“Unfortunately this experience is not large, but we shouldn’t abandon this positive experience. Besides, the new nuclear power installations are much better and more safe than the ones in Bilibino”, Lavyorov says.
“I think it will be extremely difficult to develop regions in the high north without small-scale nuclear energy”, he says.
The Bilibino nuclear plant is located in Chukotka Autonomous District. The only nuclear plant, located in the permafrost region has four reactors with total capacity of 48 MW.
The Barents Region has some of the last largest areas of intact natural woodlands in Europe. Scientists, bureaucrats and environmentalists from all four Barents countries cooperate on preserving the forest, but an international initiative is needed.
August 9th, the Barents Region celebrated the UN International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples. The day was commemorated in several parts of the region, including Karasjok in Northern Norway and Teriberka in Northwestern Russia.