International attention towards the Arctic Ocean and Barents Sea is increasing because of climate change concerns, the region’s mineral resources and the prospect of increased shipping across the Northern Sea Route. The extent of how these industries influence ocean health is still not fully understood in the Arctic science community.
The temperature of the Barents Sea could increase by nine degrees Celsius by the end of the century, if no action is taken to curb greenhouse gas emissions. And that could spell doom for many important fisheries, like cod and haddock.
Imagine travelling along the Arctic sea ice – occasionally dark, deep water peaks from under the vast landscapes of snow-covered ice beneath your feet, as a chilly northern wind turns your breath to vapor. As you walk along, life forms seem scarce.
Even if all radioactive Cesium-137 in the reactors leak out, levels will still be under the 600 Becquerel limit set by food authorities, according to researchers with the Norwegian Institute of Marine Research.
While Russia’s naval yard in Severodvinsk is busy like never before in Post-Soviet times with construction of new submarines, two old submarines on the Arctic seabed cause major concern for nuclear scientists.